Bevor es dazu kommt, sprechen wir allerdings noch etwas über Lotterien an sich und warum der Erleuchtete Voltaire unter chronischem Geldmangel litt. Voltaire () Als Voltaire eines Abends mit dem Mathematiker La Condamine soupierte, begann er über eine Lotterie zu diskutieren. Während er in der Geschichte als großer Denker und Schriftsteller der Aufklärung bekannt war, war Voltaire einst Francois-Marie Arouet, der charismatische und. <
Lotterie System: Den Hauptpreis gewinnen wie VoltaireDieser Reichtum gab Voltaire die Freiheit, den Rest seines Lebens dem Schreiben zu widmen. Lotterien und US-Präsidenten. Die Gründerväter. Während er in der Geschichte als großer Denker und Schriftsteller der Aufklärung bekannt war, war Voltaire einst Francois-Marie Arouet, der charismatische und. der zukünftige Star der Aufklärung und Wegbereiter der französischen Revolution François-Marie Arouet - uns heute bekannt als Voltaire - eine Möglichkeit all.
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In the course of a relatively long life he died at the ripe old age of 83 he was a famous philosopher, an aristocrat who mingled with famed writers and theologians as well as politicians—and a lottery scammer.
In fact, without the lottery, none of the other stuff might have been possible. It all unfolded when Voltaire was in his 30s.
His exploitation of state-run lotteries, seen in this context, just seems like another way that his ideas and his ability to reason may have led him to jail—although he got away with this one, as did his collaborator, mathematician Charles Marie de la Condamine.
Starting in , the French government started running a lottery on bonds it owned, in an attempt to promote the purchase of these bonds.
Only bond-holders could buy tickets in this lottery, and the price was pegged to the value of the bond. Winners would get the face value of the bond in addition to a ,livre jackpot, a huge sum of money at the time.
Thus, de la Condamine realized that if he was able to buy up a large percentage of the existing small bonds, split into 1, livres a bond, he could then buy each lotto ticket for just 1 livre.
Doch auch hier bewies der französische Philosoph Geschick und schloss einen Deal mit einem Notar, welcher alle Scheine entgegennahm.
Da die beiden aber im prinzip nichts illegales gemacht haben, wurden sie nicht verurteilt. Im Gegenteil: Desforts wurde wegen seines Mangels an Voraussicht angeklagt und verlor seinen Posten als Finanzminister.
Wer denkt, dass solch ein Lotterie System nur im Jahrhundert funktioniert, täuscht sich. Voltaire saw that if he bought all the tickets in a district, he would be sure to win.
With a group of his friends, he did just that. During the early part of the eighteenth century, the French government issued a series of bonds to help raise money.
With the decline of the French economy in the s, they were forced to cut the interest rates on the bonds, which drastically diminished the market value of said bonds.
This resulted in the French government having considerable difficulty in raising money via new bond sales. Another way to attempt a loose translation of dollar value is to look at how many hours of labor , livres could buy in France at the time using average income, then translate this to how much it would cost to buy that same labor in modern times.
At whatever end of the spectrum there, the person winning the prize would walk away set for life. This is where Voltaire comes in. Voltaire was not rich nor particularly famous at this point, but he was extremely charismatic, well connected, and had developed a healthy distrust and dislike for the French government.
Ultimately the pair were able to create a syndicate with various wealthy patrons with sufficient capital to buy up the necessary bonds and lottery tickets.
The problem was that there were only a handful of notaries one could go to get the lottery tickets. A strong proponent of civil liberties, Voltaire critiqued everything from organized religion to the justice system, and many of his works were banned in France.
Voltaire never married, choosing instead a series of dalliances and long-time lovers. While Voltaire technically died a bachelor, his personal life was a revolving door of mistresses, paramours and long-term lovers.
He set up a successful watchmaking business in his old age. While living in Ferney, Switzerland, in the s, Voltaire joined with a group of Swiss horologists in starting a watchmaking business at his estate.
With the septuagenarian Voltaire acting as manager and financier, the endeavor soon grew into a village-wide industry, and Ferney watches came to rival some of the best in Europe.
He continued causing controversy even in death. Voltaire died in Paris in , just a few months after returning to the city for the first time in 28 years to oversee the production of one of his plays.
Over the last few days of his life, Catholic Church officials repeatedly visited Voltaire—a lifelong deist who was often critical of organized religion—in the hope of persuading him to retract his opinions and make a deathbed confession.